Welcome to the new section of types of roses, their names along with meanings and pictures. Will discuss all different types of roses in this section.
Rose meanings are often neglected and then a misunderstanding occurs much to the regret of the parties involved. Roses are the traditional gift for Valentines Day, but they’re obviously well-received for any occasion of the year.
Roses are those small wonderful miracles which touch the heart and emotions in a way that a million words can’t do. They make a wonderful gift, a bouquet or maybe just a single rosebud will touch the heart of the person who receives your gift.
The original name for rose (Aeolic wrodon) comes from the Persian name “vrda” which is “rhodon” in Greek. The records for different species of roses show that there are about 100 to 150 species, but the botanists claim its more likely to be approximately 100 species of Roses.
Types of roses basically consist of three main groups of roses: The Species; Wild Roses, Old Garden Roses; Modern Roses.
Be aware of what roses you’re giving for different occasions because the color and type of roses do carry meaning, it’s very easy to give the wrong impression. If you’re giving roses as a gift, follow this guide to make sure your message comes across.
Different Species of Roses with Pictures
Roses are among the most cherished landscape and garden shrubs in temperate climate zones and one of the most popular flowers sold by florists all over the world.
The rose symbolizes love like no other flower and many wedding bouquets are made up of roses or roses combined with other flowers.
The rose is also essential in the creation of many perfumes and has been so for hundreds, maybe thousands of years.
The method of extracting aromatic rose oil was invented in ancient Persia and later spread through Arabia and into other Asian civilizations such as India.
There are thousands of different rose species, hybrids, and cultivars. The plant is a flowering shrub of the Rosa genus.
The wild rose usually has five petals which are white or pink, but there are several yellow and red rose species found in the wild as well.
Wild roses come in two forms – thorny shrubs or ascending climbers. It is believed to have originated in the temperate climate zone of the northern hemisphere since this is where wild roses are primarily found growing today.
When the rose blossom has withered and died, the plant will form a fruit called rosehip. A rosehip looks like a shiny berry and has an outer fleshy layer. It is usually red or orange, but sometimes dark purple or black depending on rose species.
Some species, such as the commonly found wild Dog Rose (Rosa canina), have rose hips that are among the richest sources of vitamin C found in any plant. Birds and animals love to eat the nutritious rose hips and thereby spread the seeds to new places.
If you look inside the rose hip you will see up to 25 small achenes. The achenes look like seeds but are in fact miniature fruits containing the real rose seeds.
The achenes are surrounded by hairs, which work like itching powder if you get them on your skin. They are not poisonous, just unpalatable.
Rose hips can be pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used in marmalade, jam, and jelly and dried, powdered rose hips are part ingredients in many herbal teas.
Every rose has its thorn is an old saying that might have been true when it was coined, but today there are a large variety of thorn free roses available.
There are also some rose species that have barely noticeable thorns without sharp points. The rose has been subjected to widespread breeding and cultivation for ages and you can find thousands of rose cultivars and hybrids – all tracing their ancestry to the wild rose species.
Most modern roses are double-flowered and the stamens have been bred into looking like petals. The shape, size, color or absence of thorns have usually been the most important factor when breeding roses, but less importance has been put into creating roses with a particular scent.
If you want to experience the intoxicating scent of the rose fragrance in your room or in your garden, choose a rose belonging to one of the older species, hybrids or cultivars.
There is no one classification system for roses. In general, though, there are three main types of roses which can be categorized: Wild Roses, Old Garden Roses, and Modern Garden Roses.
Each of these three main groups is subdivided into various classes by names/titles which are most commonly used to describe roses. These first-level classes are listed below.
Within each class are many species, which are not listed below. To find out more about each species, just do an online search for the class and species type using the search box at the bottom of this page.
1. Wild Roses
Climbers | Ramblers | Shrubs
They are easy to identify due to the fact that they usually have 5 petals, bloom once a season, and are often thorny shrubs or climbers.
Very popular Species Roses are
- Cherokee Roses
- Dog Roses
- Gallic Roses
- French Roses
- Red leaf Roses
This group of roses flourish in temperate climates and can be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
Different Types of roses generally integrates of three main groups of roses:
- The Species
- Old Garden Roses
- Modern Roses
2. Old Garden Roses
Alba Roses | Bermuda Roses | Bourbon Roses | Boursault Roses | Centifolia Roses | China Roses | Climbing Bourbon Roses | Damask Roses | Gallica Roses | Hybrid Perpetual Roses | Hybrid Sweet Briar Roses | Moss Roses | Noisette Roses | Portland Roses | Scotch Roses | Tea Roses
Old Garden Roses only came to be identified in the late 1800s compared to Species roses which existed millions of years before humans inhabited the earth.
Old Garden Roses mostly bloom once a season, usually at the start of summer. It is common for this group to grow in several shrub and vine sizes. Colors may vary, but this class is usually white or pastel in color.
Because they are easy to grow, this group of “antique roses” are generally preferred for lawns and home gardening.
The Best old European garden Roses as well as the species roses are usually winter-hardy, resilient to disease and produce beautiful flowers with complex and delicate scents.
They have one drawback however, in that most will only bloom once during the summer. European gardeners strived to develop a rose that had all of the above characteristics but that could be enjoyed for a longer period of time.
Their efforts led to the development of the hardy repeat-blooming old roses. These include three different classes: the Portland Rose, the Bourbon Rose, and the Hybrid Perpetual.
The Portland rose is pink or red and has a remarkable scent. It is not as winter-hardy as species roses or old European garden roses and the plant needs at least 2 years to establish itself in your garden before you can expect any flowers.
Today, Portland roses are particularly popular in small gardens since they form shrubs no more than 3 or 4 feet tall and wide.
The Bourbon Rose
The Bourbon rose appeared on the scene later than the Portland Rose. It was first grown on the Island of Bourbon (today Reunion) in the Indian Ocean in the 19th century.
Bourbons form large white to scarlet blooms and have a heavy scent and also considered as one the most fragrant Old Garden Roses. The shrub is large and wide and is very easy to train on a fence.
The Bourbon Rose is not as winter-hardy as Species roses or Old European Garden roses and needs winter protection in colder climates.
Bourbons can sometimes suffer from mildew or blackspot, but the shrub is usually strong enough to successfully handle such attacks.
The Hybrid Perpetual Rose
The Hybrid Perpetual class was formed when gardeners began to breed the Bourbon rose with all kinds of already existing roses to form more types of re-blooming roses.
The Hybrid Perpetuals, therefore, show very different characteristics. Some are very reliable and will definitely re-bloom while others are more unpredictable. Most Bourbons will bloom most vibrantly during the early summer and more moderate in autumn. Sometimes there is also a summer bloom in between.
A majority of the Hybrid Perpetuals grow tall, sometimes exceeding 6 feet, which made them very popular as pillar roses or fence roses. The colors range from white to crimson and produce a very strong scent.
Hybrid Perpetuals are less winter-hardy than species roses and old European garden roses and should be given winter protection when grown in colder areas.
They can sometimes suffer from mildew and blackspot and require a few years to establish themselves.
Some of the other Old Garden Roses include
Many Old Garden Roses have a strong, sweet scent with the most fragrant roses, which makes them very popular.
3. Modern Roses
Cluster-Flowered Climbers | English Roses | Floribunda Roses | Ground Cover Roses | Hybrid Musk Roses | Hybrid Rugosa Roses | Hybrid Tea Roses | Large-Flowered Climbers | Other Modern Shrub Roses | Polyantha Roses
Any rose identified after 1867, is considered a Modern Rose, thus Old Garden Roses are seen as the predecessors of Modern Roses. Very popular, This group is the result of crossbreeding the hybrid tea with the polyanthus, which is a variety of primrose.
Most roses in this class will flower repeatedly (with the proper care, perhaps that is why horticulturists find this class so attractive.
Roses in this group are
- Hybrid Tea
Although Modern Roses are adored by florists and gardeners, they do require a little extra care and prefer a warmer environment.
Different Colors of Roses
Red Roses are a symbol of romance and love for most of us, but historically, they can also communicate courage, respect, and honor.
Pink Roses, depending on if they’re pale, medium or dark/deep pink can convey different types of messages. A pale pink rose communicates gentleness; medium pink roses typically express happiness; dark or deep pink convey appreciation and gratitude. In general, pink roses express grace and a lighter version of love.
White roses symbolize purity, truth, and innocence. For that reason, you often see them used in weddings. They also convey reverence, humility, secrecy, and righteousness.
Coral roses express one thing through their passionate color: Desire.
Peach Roses communicate appreciation, gratitude and are often used to express sympathy.
Orange Roses typically convey enthusiasm, passion and desire and can be used to create a heightened sense of wonder or curiosity for the one who receives them.
Yellow Roses are an expression of joy or freedom and are often used for communicating congratulations to graduates, new mothers, or friends for specific accomplishments. They can be used to express platonic love.
Regardless of the original color, dead roses say “It’s over,” loud, clear, and in a tacky and less than classy way.
Purple Roses indicate that the giver is smitten with the recipient, even to the point of conveying “love at first site”. It can also be used to express parents love for their child.
Burgundy Roses are a way to communicate that someone is very beautiful.
By combining different colors a new rose meaning arises:
White Roses + Yellow Roses – A symbol of harmony.
Red Roses + Yellow Roses – A message of happiness and celebration.
Red Roses + White Roses – An indication of bonding and harmony.
Other Rose Symbolism:
12 Roses: Gratitude. Any bouquet in full bloom also implies the “full flowering” of the emotion being conveyed: a bouquet of red roses in full bloom implies the full flowering of love; 24 Roses: Congratulations; 48 Roses: Unconditional love; Single Red Rose: “I love you,” (but I’m not going to go broke telling you.); A single red rose in a bud vase is a great way to surprise and charm a loved one; Single Rose of Any Color: “Thank you,” (and I’m still not going to go broke saying so.)
That special occasion when things get more serious is symbolized by Two Roses Entwined – meaning an engagement or marriage is in the near future…